Same-sex marriage presents an important and sensitive topic that touches on human rights, love, and equality. It provides a rich discussion point for ESL learners to explore cultural, legal, and social perspectives. Below are discussion questions tailored to different English proficiency levels, designed to encourage thoughtful conversation and understanding.


A2 Level

  1. What is marriage?
  2. How do people celebrate weddings in your country?
  3. What colors do you think of when you hear “wedding”?
  4. Can two men or two women get married in your country?
  5. Why is it important for people to marry who they love?
  6. How do you show someone you love them?
  7. What is a family?
  8. Do you think all families look the same?
  9. How can we show everyone is equal?
  10. What does the word “pride” mean to you?

B1 Level

  1. What is same-sex marriage?
  2. Why do you think some people support same-sex marriage?
  3. Are there any famous stories or movies about same-sex couples?
  4. How do laws about marriage differ around the world?
  5. Why is it important to talk about rights for everyone?
  6. How can people show support for LGBTQ+ communities?
  7. What changes when two people get married?
  8. Can you think of any symbols that represent love and equality?
  9. What does “equality” mean in relationships?
  10. How do celebrations for same-sex marriages compare to other weddings?

B2 Level

  1. Discuss the significance of legalizing same-sex marriage.
  2. How has the perception of same-sex marriage changed over time?
  3. What are the benefits of legal recognition for same-sex couples?
  4. How do cultural attitudes towards same-sex marriage vary?
  5. What challenges do LGBTQ+ individuals face in societies that do not recognize same-sex marriage?
  6. How do media representations of same-sex couples influence societal attitudes?
  7. Discuss the role of religion in debates about same-sex marriage.
  8. How can education promote understanding and acceptance of diverse relationships?
  9. What impact does legalizing same-sex marriage have on society?
  10. Explore the relationship between same-sex marriage and human rights.

C1 Level

  1. Critically assess the arguments for and against same-sex marriage.
  2. Explore the impact of same-sex marriage legislation on LGBTQ+ rights globally.
  3. Analyze the economic, social, and health benefits of recognizing same-sex marriages.
  4. Discuss how same-sex marriage challenges traditional notions of family.
  5. Evaluate the role of international organizations in advocating for LGBTQ+ rights.
  6. How does the recognition of same-sex marriage affect children in LGBTQ+ families?
  7. Explore the intersectionality of LGBTQ+ rights with other social justice movements.
  8. Discuss the psychological effects of societal acceptance or rejection of same-sex marriage.
  9. Evaluate the influence of political movements on the advancement of same-sex marriage rights.
  10. How do personal narratives and stories contribute to the movement for same-sex marriage?

C2 Level

  1. Critique the legal frameworks surrounding same-sex marriage and their implications for social policy.
  2. Analyze the discourse on same-sex marriage within feminist and queer theory.
  3. Discuss the global implications of same-sex marriage recognition on LGBTQ+ asylum seekers.
  4. Evaluate the role of same-sex marriage in shaping national identity and cultural norms.
  5. Explore the historical evolution of marriage as an institution and its relevance to contemporary LGBTQ+ rights.
  6. Analyze the impact of same-sex marriage on the legal system and family law.
  7. Debate the future of LGBTQ+ rights movements in the context of same-sex marriage legalization.
  8. Examine the role of social media in shaping public opinion on same-sex marriage.
  9. Critically assess how same-sex marriage intersects with issues of race, class, and disability.
  10. Discuss the ethical considerations of bi-national same-sex couples in the context of immigration laws.