Urbanization ESL discussion questions

A2 Level (Elementary)

  1. What is a city?
  2. Can you name three big cities?
  3. Why do people move to cities?
  4. What can you see in a city?
  5. Do you live in a city? Do you like it?
  6. What are some problems in cities?
  7. What is your favorite thing about cities?
  8. Are cities noisy?
  9. Can you find parks in cities?
  10. How do people travel in cities?
  11. What do buildings look like in cities?
  12. Do you think cities are clean?
  13. Are cities at night bright or dark?
  14. Can you grow food in a city?
  15. Would you like to live in a big city? Why?

B1 Level (Intermediate)

  1. Discuss the advantages of living in a city.
  2. What are some challenges of urban life?
  3. How can cities be more environmentally friendly?
  4. What role do public parks play in cities?
  5. How does urbanization affect traffic?
  6. Discuss the importance of public transportation.
  7. How can cities reduce pollution?
  8. What is urban planning?
  9. How do cities impact local wildlife?
  10. Discuss the concept of smart cities.
  11. How does living in a city affect health?
  12. What are some solutions for housing in cities?
  13. How can cities promote community and culture?
  14. Discuss the future of cities.
  15. What is the difference between urban and rural areas?

B2 Level (Upper-Intermediate)

  1. Analyze the socio-economic impacts of urbanization.
  2. Discuss the role of technology in urban development.
  3. How can cities balance growth with sustainability?
  4. Evaluate the effectiveness of green spaces in urban areas.
  5. Discuss the impact of urbanization on global climate change.
  6. How do cities contribute to cultural diversity?
  7. Analyze the challenges of urban housing affordability.
  8. Discuss the concept of urban renewal and gentrification.
  9. How can cities manage waste and recycling effectively?
  10. Evaluate the role of public art in urban spaces.
  11. Discuss the importance of urban wildlife conservation.
  12. How can cities address social inequality?
  13. Analyze the future of work in urban environments.
  14. Discuss the impact of urbanization on mental health.
  15. How can urban areas improve energy efficiency?

C1 Level (Advanced)

  1. Critique the impact of global urbanization trends.
  2. Discuss the implications of mega-cities on societal structures.
  3. Analyze the role of urban governance in sustainable development.
  4. Evaluate the potential of vertical farming in urban areas.
  5. Discuss the integration of renewable energy sources in cities.
  6. Analyze the impact of urban design on social behavior.
  7. Discuss the challenges of maintaining infrastructure in aging cities.
  8. Evaluate the concept of car-free cities.
  9. Discuss the role of cities in global economic networks.
  10. Analyze the ethical considerations of urban surveillance and data collection.

C2 Level (Proficiency)

  1. Discuss the philosophical implications of urbanization on human existence.
  2. Analyze the role of cities in shaping global political dynamics.
  3. Critique the sustainability of current urban consumption patterns.
  4. Discuss the potential for cities to lead in climate change mitigation.
  5. Analyze the interplay between urbanization and global biodiversity.
  6. Discuss the future of human settlement in the context of urban expansion.
  7. Evaluate the concept of decentralized urban areas.
  8. Analyze the impact of digitalization on urban lifestyles.
  9. Discuss the potential of smart city technologies in addressing urban challenges.
  10. Critique the role of urban areas in fostering innovation and creativity.